Assessment of Antibacterial Properties of Jatropha tanjorensis
Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research,
Aim: This study aimed at evaluating the Phytochemical and antibacterial properties of Jatropha tanjorensis against selected test bacteria.
Methods: The antibacterial properties were tested using the agar-well diffusion technique. The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) of the extracts were also determined. Phytochemical analysis of the hot and cold extracts revealed presence of flavonoids, glycosides, phenols, saponins, anthraquinones and tannis.
Results: Results obtained revealed that the cold extracts were more effective than the hot extracts. Cold extracts of Jatropha tanjorensis leaf has antibacterial activity against E. coli and S. aureus. Hot extracts of Jatropha tanjorensis stem has very little antibacterial activity against S. marcescens at low concentrations with no MBC. Cold extract of Jatropha tanjorensis leaf was bactericidal for S. aureus at 250 mg/ml. Salmonella sp., E. coli, Pseudomonas sp., S. pyogenes, Serratia marcescens and Serratia marcescens were resistant to HE of Jatropha tanjorensis leaf and stem respectively.
Conclusion: This study shows that there are phytochemicals present in Jatropha tanjorensis. The plant shows antibacterial properties against some bacteria, namely: Serratia marcescens, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Escherichia coli, indicating that they can be used as antimicrobials.
- traditional medicine
- phytochemical analysis
- cold extract
How to Cite
Mahomoodally MF. Traditional Medicines in Africa: An Appraisal of Ten Potent African Medicinal Plants; 2013.
Gurib-Fakim A, Mahomoodall, MF. African flora as potential sources of medicinal plants: towards the chemotherapy of major parasitic and other infectious diseases- a review, Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences. 2013;6:77–84
Sofowora A, Ogunbodede E, Onayade A. The Role and Place of Medicinal Plants in the Strategies for Disease Prevention, African Journal of Traditional Complementary Alternative Medicine. 2013;10(5):210–229.
Nunkoo H, Mahomoodally, MF. Ethnopharmacological survey of native remedies commonly used against infectious diseases in the tropical island of Mauritius, Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2012;143(2):548–564.
Sabandar CW, Ahmat N, Jaafa, FM, and Sahidin I. Medicinal property, phytochemistry and pharmacology of several Jatropha species (Euphorbiaceae): A review, Phytochemistry. 2013;85: 7–29.
Idu M, Igbafe G, Erhabor, J. Anti-anaemic activity of Jatropha tanjorensis Ellis & Saroja in Rabbits, Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies. 2014;2(1):64-72.
Arun KP, Ravichandran N, Vajrai R, Brindha P. Studies on Micromorphorlogical standardization, antimicrobial efficacy and nutritional values of Jatropha tanjorensis, International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2012;4(2).
Nwachukwu CN. Nutrient, Phytochemical and Anti-Nutrient Evaluation of Jatropha tanjorensis Leaf (Hospital Too Far), Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences. 2018;16(2): 36-46.
Abstract View: 28 times
PDF Download: 13 times