Open Access Original Research Article

A Structural Investigation on Polystyrene with Cyclohexene Mid-Chain Group: Thermal Stability and Self-Assembly Kinetics in Nonpolar and Polar Aprotic Solutions

Ilghar Orujalipoor, Semra Ide, Sevgi Bayarı, Mustafa Degirmenci, Omer Celik

Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ajacr/2021/v8i130181

This study was focused on cyclohexene (CH) mid-chain functional polymer of polystyrene (PSt-CH-PSt) because of its potential application in nanotechnology and its possible usage in hierarchical structures.

Molecular and nano scale structural characterizations and thermal behavior of the powder form PSt-CH-PSt functional polymer were carried out by FTIR, SAXS, XRD and DSC methods. Solutions of PSt-CH-PSt in tetrahydrofuran and chloroform were also investigated by SAXS and FTIR.

The stable one type nano particles which have oblate core-shell shape were determined in powder form and in solution of PSt-CH-PSt. The self-assembly kinetics of the polymer indicate that the mid chain part location in oblate core shell aggregations may be controlled by polar aprotic THF and nonpolar CLF solvent effects. Exponential decreasing in oblate shell volumes of PSt-CH-PSt nano globules in THF as a function of temperature was also determined by SAXS.

Open Access Original Research Article

Validation of the Method for Determination of Melamine and Investigation its Trace in Milk from Vietnam by LC-MS/MS

Quang Hieu-Tran

Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research, Page 13-19
DOI: 10.9734/ajacr/2021/v8i130182

This work describes a rapid, selective, and sensitive method by using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to detect melamine (MEL) in milk and dairy products. The optimal conditions of liquid chromatographic separation extraction and mass spectroscopy of MEL have also been examined. The linear range for analyte detected by the method was 0.5÷100.0 ng/mL, with correlation coefficients was 0.999.  Mean recoveries of the method in the real samples at three spike levels (low, medium, and high) were within the range of 98.5% ÷102.5% (n =7). LOD, LOQ values of the method were 10 and 30 ng/mL, respectively. The influence of the matrix effect on the accuracy, repeatability, and recovery of the process was insignificant. The proposed method was used to quantify the content of this compound in various real samples, which were collected in Ho Chi Minh City-Vietnam in 2020.

Open Access Original Research Article

Preparation, Characterization and Evaluation of Extraction Effeciency of N-p-tolyl-N benzohydroxamic Acid towards Certain Metal Ions

Nuha Y. Elamin, Elmugdad Ahmed Ali

Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research, Page 30-39
DOI: 10.9734/ajacr/2021/v8i130184

The hydroxamic acid was prepared by the partial reduction of p- nitro toluene to give N-p-tolyl hydroxyl amine which was coupled with benzoyl chloride to give N-p-tolyl-N-benzohydroxamic acid.The hydroxamic acid prepared was identified by their characteristic colored reaction with vanadium (V) and iron (lll), melting point, I.R.  spectra, 1H NMR and mass spectrometry.The extractive properties of hydroxamic acids towards the metal ions like Fe (lll), Cu (ll), Ni (ll) and Co (ll) were examined using appropriate organic solvent. N-p- tolyl -N-benzohydroxamic acid was found to have a maximum extraction for Fe (lll) 75.10% at pH 5.0, Cu (ll) 99.81% at pH 5.0, Ni (ll) 59.45% at pH 7.0 and Co (ll) 99.40% at pH 10.0.The  hydroxamic acid was found to extract efficiently metals like Ni (ll) in neutral pH values, Fe (lll), Cu (ll), in pH near to neutral and Co (ll) at alkali pH values.

Open Access Original Research Article

Mechanistic Studies of Catalytic Reduction of Nitrogen Oxides from Diesel Engine Exhaust over Manganese and Cerium Oxide Based Catalysts

Russel C. L. De Silva, Darrell P. Eyman

Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research, Page 40-50
DOI: 10.9734/ajacr/2021/v8i130185

Finding a catalyst system that is effective and consistent for the selective reduction of NOx during lean exhaust conditions has been a predominant challenge to both industrial and research institutions, despite the large number of reported catalysts tested. The selective catalytic reduction of NO + NO2 (NOx) with CO and C3 hydrocarbons at low temperatures (175-225 oC) is investigated over manganese and cerium catalysts with and without the presence of a precious metal. 1% Pt/Mn/Al catalysts show promising results for the reaction, with continuous NOx conversions well more than 35% in the period extending beyond 170 hours. The synthesis technique of the catalyst and the reaction temperature greatly effects the reaction. There is no evidence of the presence of other nitrogen oxides in the products except for a very small quantity of N2O only at the beginning of the reaction. Mechanistic studies reveal manganese to be the major catalytic sites, while the platinum plays a secondary role. Mn/Ce/Al also show continuous deNOx activity with NOx conversions of 28-35%.

Open Access Review Article

A Review on Healthier Dietary Fats for Lower Calories in Take and Body Weight Control

Rabie S. Farag, Hanafy A. Hashem, Abdel-Alrahman Naser, Montaser A. Mohamed

Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research, Page 20-29
DOI: 10.9734/ajacr/2021/v8i130183

Obesity is a global problem and numbers are rising at a fast pace in developing countries and it becomes a major public health concern. Economic costs associated with obesity are high and increasing with the rate of obesity. Obesity is a state of body fat being accumulated in excess, and it is well known that many diseases including metabolic disorders, such as diabetes and hyperlipemia and diseases in circulatory organs Such as hypertension and ischemic cardiac diseases tend to follow obesity. The fat contained in meals is one of the nutrients most profoundly related to the accumulation of body fat, but the excessive ingestion of fat may result in obesity. However, fat has intrinsic taste, and meals of extremely reduced-fat are often insufficient to give Satisfaction. Further, when deep-fried food or fried food is made, edible oil is indispensable as a heating medium. The so-called fat substitutes were developed in the early 2000s for resolving such a situation. However, none of them are fully satisfactory in Safety, physical properties, cooking properties and flavor. This review will discuss the dietary fats that were developed for different food applications which are claimed as healthy oils with lower calorie intake than classical triglycerides oils which have a caloric content of average of 9 cal/gm and recommendations for optimum healthier and dietary for obesity and diabetic control and lower calories food.