Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research https://journalajacr.com/index.php/AJACR <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research (ISSN: 2582-0273)</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJACR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of 'chemistry and its application'. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US contact@journalajacr.com (Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research) contact@journalajacr.com (Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research) Fri, 04 Jun 2021 10:49:47 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Point Zero Charge Determination and Fluoride Adsorption on Natural Red Ash (Metal Oxide) https://journalajacr.com/index.php/AJACR/article/view/30196 <p>The PZC is essential parameter for the characterization of certain materials used for the treatment of organic or inorganic wastes in the environment, particularly from waste water and industrial sludge. Potentiometric titration and batch experimentation method was used to determine PZC value and type of adsorption isotherm behavior observed.&nbsp; Red ash is the natural metal oxides collected from the rift valley of Ethiopia which have PZC values of 3.35 for 0.5g, 1g and 1.5g adsorbent dose studied. On the adsorbent surface, monolayer and homogeneous adsorption process of fluoride observed. Therefore, based on the interest of the researcher and the adjustment of the pH of red ash solution might used for the treatment of ionic wastes.</p> Lejalem Abeble Dagnaw, Dessie Almaw Cherie ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalajacr.com/index.php/AJACR/article/view/30196 Fri, 04 Jun 2021 10:53:06 +0000 Treatment of Wastewaters from the Olive Mill Industry Wastewaters by Sonication Process at Different Conditions https://journalajacr.com/index.php/AJACR/article/view/30197 <p>In this study, the effects of increasing sonication time (60 min, 120 and 150 min), increasing temperatures (25<sup>o</sup>C, 30<sup>o</sup>C and 60<sup>o</sup>C), different Dissolved Oxygen (DO) concentrations (2 mg/l, 4 mg/l, 6 and 10 mg/l), different N<sub>2</sub>(g) sparging (15 and 30 min) and H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> concentrations (100 mg/l, 500 and 2000 mg/l) was investigated on Olive Mill Industry wastewaters (OMI ww) by sonication process. The maximum removal efficiencies were 60.91% COD<sub>dis</sub>, 59.28% TOC, 49.70% color, 58.25% total phenol, 63.27% total aromatic amines (TAAs), 37.51% total fatty acids (TFAs), at 25<sup>o</sup>C and 150 min, respectively. The maximum removal yields were 66.83% COD<sub>dis</sub>, 65.92% TOC, 83.77% color, 61.24% total phenol, 70.52% TAAs, 48.84% TFAs, at 60<sup>o</sup>C and 150 min, respectively. The maximum removal efficiencies were 88.73% COD<sub>dis</sub>, 93.79% color, 91.38% total phenol, 91.58% TAAs, 74.44% TFAs, at DO=10 mg/l, at 60<sup>o</sup>C and 150 min, respectively. The maximum removal efficiencies were 84.51% COD<sub>dis</sub>, 91.88% color, 78.98% total phenol, 74.56% TAAs, 80.18% TFAs, at 30 min N<sub>2</sub>(g) sparging, at 60<sup>o</sup>C and 150 min, respectively. The maximum removal yields were 91.13% COD<sub>dis</sub>, 93.59% color, 93.65% total phenol, 83.68% TAAs, 90.30% TFAs, at 2000 mg/l H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>, at 60<sup>o</sup>C and 150 min, respectively. Sonication at 35 kHz proved to be a viable tool for the effective removal of COD, TOC, color, total phenol, TAAs and TFAs from OMI ww, providing a cost-effective alternative for destroying and detoxifying the refractory compounds in OMI ww.</p> Rukiye Oztekin, Delia Teresa Sponza ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalajacr.com/index.php/AJACR/article/view/30197 Tue, 08 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Antioxidants Capacity, Phenolic and Oxalate Content from Two Varieties of Solanum melongena at Different Maturity Stages https://journalajacr.com/index.php/AJACR/article/view/30198 <p><strong>Aims: </strong>To investigate the antioxidant activities, total phenolic and oxalate contents in two varieties of eggplant (<em>Solanum melongena</em>) (<em>terung telunjuk </em>(TT) and <em>terung rapuh </em>(TR)) at different maturity stages.</p> <p><strong>Study design: </strong>Each sample was extracted three times (n=3) for the antioxidant activities, total phenolic and oxalates content. All the data were analysed by using ANOVA and Tukey Pairwise tests.</p> <p><strong>Place and duration of study: </strong>Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), between December 2019 and October 2020.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>Two varieties of eggplant (TT and TR) were cultivated and the samples were tagged and the fruits were harvested according to their maturity stages (stage 1 – stage 4). Samples were freeze dried and extracted to evaluate the antioxidant activities as well as the total phenolic and oxalate contents.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Total phenolic contents (TPC) in TR were lower from stage 1 to stage 3 but high at over mature stage (stage 4) meanwhile TPC in TT increased upon maturity. The DPPH assay from the fruit extracts of TT in all maturity stages showed a stronger antioxidant activity as compared to TR, in which fruit of TT from stage 3 was double in antioxidant activity as compared to TR. The FRAP assay of both eggplants showed extracts of TT having a higher ferric reduction power in all stages as compared to TR. Meanwhile, both eggplant varieties showed different total, soluble and insoluble oxalate contents in all maturity indices. TT had the highest total oxalate content at stage 1 as compared to TR while the soluble oxalate content increased in TR in all maturity stages. The highest percentage of soluble oxalate content was observed in TR at stage 4 with 95.5%. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Phytochemical findings from these eggplant varieties showed their potentials to improve livelihood and public health. More comprehensive studies on the bioactive compounds, structural elucidation and pharmacological evaluation are to be conducted to understand the possible effects of these phytochemical results.</p> A. Mohd Zulkhairi, M. N. Siti Aisyah, M. Razali, G. Nur Syafini, M. B. Umikalsum, A. Aimi Athirah, M. Y. Nur Daliana, H. Rosali ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journalajacr.com/index.php/AJACR/article/view/30198 Tue, 15 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000