Main Article Content
Novel cationic polymeric surfactants were synthesized throughout the reaction of monoester of triethanol amine and two saturated fatty acids (palmitic acid and stearic acid) and TDI (toluene diisocyanate). The obtained polyurethane (PU) then was reacted by acetyl chloride to yield the desired surfactants. The structures of the produced compounds were described by using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and their average molecular weights. Silver nanocomposite of the prepared cationic PU surfactants were characterized via physical combination by chemically prepared silver nanoparticles. The structure of the silver composite was determined using: Ultra-violet spectroscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) spectroscopy. The effect of the hydrophobic chains on the surface activities of the synthesized cationic polymeric surface active agents and their silver nanocomposite was studied.