Using the Natural Fixative from Canarium Resin of Vietnam

Main Article Content

Le Huy Hai
Le Mai Xuan Truc

Abstract

Aim and Objectives: Nowadays, the fixative substance from natural materials is gradually replacing the fixative substance that has been synthesized from chemicals. The purpose of the study in this research is that we created a natural fragrance from Vietnamese raw material with a fixative from Canarium Album (Lour) as a natural fixative to replace artificial fixative.  Canarium plant is scientifically known as Canarium Album (Lour) Raensch of the Burseraceae family. Canarium Album L. is distributed in most of Northern provinces, central Highlands, and Southeast of Vietnam.

Materials and Methods: The method of this process is resin extraction by volatile solvents.  We use a knife to cut into the trunk and let the resin run out, then harvest this resin to make fixative. The resin is dissolved in alcohol 96% and the distilled alcohol is removed to obtain absolute Canarium. Evaluation method of the ability of absolute Canarium is performed by comparing it with other fixatives in fragrances. Raw canarium resins is taken directly from canarium plants then refined absolute canarium as the natural fixative. We use this fixative substance in combinations of floral, woody smells and comparison with traditional artificial fixative as Musk ketone, Musk xylene, Musk ambrette.

Results: The comparison results show that the ability to keep the fragrance of scent is lower than musk ambrette, musk ketone but it is better than musk xylene. Thus, canarium resin can be used as a natural fixative to replace artificial fixative in fragrance.

Conclusions: Through research and experiment, we can see Canarium resin is precious. It can be used as a good fixative in aromatherapy. This is a natural resin, a kind of resource available in Vietnam. Therefore, it is recommended for further research, exploitation, and effective use of this resource.

Keywords:
Canarium, natural fixative, extraction, fragrance

Article Details

How to Cite
Hai, L. H., & Truc, L. M. X. (2021). Using the Natural Fixative from Canarium Resin of Vietnam. Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research, 7(2), 33-39. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajacr/2020/v7i230179
Section
Original Research Article

References

Hinge VK, Wagh SK, Bhattacharyya SC. Constituents of Indian black dammer resin. Tetrahedron. 1965;21:3197-3203.

Agbo NG, Chatigre KO, Ronald ES. Canarium schweinfurthii Engl.: Chemical composition of the fruit pulp. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 1992;69(4):317–320.

Zhen-cheng L, Kang-Chen YZ, Yong-hong P. Nutritional composition of Canarium pimela L. kernels. Food Chem. 2011;125(2):692-695.

Faijal FM, Aulanni A, Arie S. Influence of Treating Essential Oils of Canarium Tree Resin on The Level Malondialdehyde (MDA), Protease Activity, Bronchi Histopathology Description and Expression of Tumor Necrosis Alpha Factor (TNF-α) on Asthma Rats (Rattus orvegicus). J. Pure Appl. Chem. Res. 2018;7(3):282-291.

Mogana R, Wiart C. Canarium L. A Phytochemical and Pharmacological Review. J. Pharm. Res. 2011;8:2482-2489.

Ragunathan M, Senthamarai R. Anti-inflammatory Activity of Essential Oil of Canarium Strictum Roxb. Iran. J. Pharm. Res. 2013;9(2):13-21.

Desha M, Nagarajan B, Jesubalan D. Future prospects for the critically endangered medicinally important species, Canarium strictum Roxb. Int. J. Conserv. Sci. 2012;3(3):231-237.

Suruse PB, Duragkar NJ, Shivhare UD, Kale MK, Bodele SB. Study of antibacterial activity of Canarium strictum gum resin. Res j Pharm Phytochem. 2010;2:435-437.

Suruse PB, Duragkar NJ, Bodele SB, Kale MK. Evaluation of pharmacological activities of isolated triterpenoids from Canarium strictum. Int j univers pharm life sci. 2011;3:110-119.

Zhiyong HX. Nutritional composition of the kernels from Canarium album L. Food Chem. 2007;102(3):808-811.

Koudou J, Abena AA. Chemical composition and pharmacological activity of essential oil of Canarium schweinfurthii. Fitoterapia. 2005;76(7-8):700-703.

Bhuvanendran R, Vasista RC, Dutt S. Chemical Examination of Canarium Bengalense Roxb. Current Science. 1963; 32:162-163.

Tamai M, Watanabe N, Someya M, Kondoh H, Omura S, Zhang PL, et al. New Hepatoprotective Triterpenes from Canarium album. Planta Med. 1987; 55: 44-47.

Pham HH. An Ilustrated Flora of Vietnam. Published by the author, Montreal. 1992; 2:450.

Vo VC. Dictionary of Vietnamese Medicinal Plants, Medicine, Ho Chi Minh City. 1997;1249.

Phan MG, Wilfried A K & Phan TS. Chemical composition of the resin essential oil of Canarium album from Vietnam. Chemistry of Natural Compounds. 2006;42:523–524.

Cecilia C, Xavier F, Louisette LC, Christine P and Sophie L. Characterization of the Chemical Composition of a Byproduct from Siam Benzoin Gum. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2006;54:8848-8854.

Xavier F, Louisette LC, André ML, Christine P. Volatile constituents of benzoin gums: Siam and Sumatra. Part 1. Flavour Fragr J. 2003;18(4):328-333.