Transmission Electron Microscopic and X-ray Diffraction Based Study of Crystallographic Bibliography Demonstrated on Silver, Copper and Titanium Nanocrystals: State of the Art Statical Review

Md. Khalid Hossain Shishir

Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (ACCE), Islamic University (IU), Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh.

Sumaiya Islam Sadia

Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (ACCE), Islamic University (IU), Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh.

Shanawaz Ahmed

Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (ACCE), Islamic University (IU), Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh.

Allah Rakha Aidid

Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (ACCE), Islamic University (IU), Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh.

Md. Masud Rana

Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (ACCE), Islamic University (IU), Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh and Hydrogen Energy Research Laboratory, Korea Institute of Energy Technology (KENTECH), 200 Hyeoksin-ro, Naju-Si, Jeonnam-58330, Republic of Korea.

Md. Mehedi Hasan

Bangladesh Reference Institute for Chemical Measurements (BRiCM), Dhaka-1205, Bangladesh.

Sazal Kumar

Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (ACCE), Islamic University (IU), Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh and School of Environmental and Life Sciences, The University of Newcastle (UoN), Callaghan, NSW-2308, Australia.

Raton Kumar Bishwas

Institute of Glass and Ceramic Research and Testing (IGCRT), Bangladesh Councill of Scientific and Industrial Research (BCSIR), Dhaka-1205, Bangladesh.

Md. Ashraful Alam *

Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering (ACCE), Islamic University (IU), Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh and Institute of Glass and Ceramic Research and Testing (IGCRT), Bangladesh Councill of Scientific and Industrial Research (BCSIR), Dhaka-1205, Bangladesh.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


This statistical review compares the crystallographic structures of functional nanocrystals composed of silver (Ag), copper (Cu) and titanium (Ti) using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses. TEM provides high-resolution imaging to directly visualize individual nanoparticles' size, internal shape and crystallinity. Statistical analysis quantifies variations in lattice parameters, crystal structure, size distributions, phase compositions, lattice strains, preferred orientation and lattice volume of these three crystalline nanomaterials. The review highlights the complementary roles of TEM and XRD in comprehensive Ag, Cu and Ti nanocrystalline materials characterization. The crystallographic functional parameters of Ag were 2θ= 38.1° (111), 44.3° (200) and 64.4° (220); for Cu crystal 43.3° (111), 50.4° (200), 74.1° (220), 89.9° (311) and 95.1° (222) and 35.1° (100), 38.4° (002), 40.2° (101), 53.0° (102), 63.0° (103), 70.7° (110), 76.2° (112), 82.3° (201) demonstrated for Ti nanocrystals. The crystallographic predominant plane or Miller indices were also revealed by selected area electron diffraction (SAED) on TEM. The FCC structure of Ag and Cu is shown in larger lattice volumes compared to the HCP structure of Ti and prefer oriented. The degree of crystallinity of Ti, Cu and Ag nanocrystalline materials was observed at 90.0%, 98.0% and 100.0% respectively. This quantitative comparison provides valuable insights into the structural property relationships in these nanocrystals, enabling rational design strategies for optimizing their performance in various functional applications.

Keywords: Crystallographic bibliography, nanocrystals, phase, transmission electron microscopic, x-ray diffraction

How to Cite

Shishir, M. K. H., Sadia, S. I., Ahmed, S., Aidid, A. R., Rana, M. M., Hasan, M. M., Kumar, S., Bishwas, R. K., & Alam, M. A. (2024). Transmission Electron Microscopic and X-ray Diffraction Based Study of Crystallographic Bibliography Demonstrated on Silver, Copper and Titanium Nanocrystals: State of the Art Statical Review. Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research, 15(3), 1–19.


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Kobir MM, Ali MS, Ahmed S, Sadia SI, Alam MA. Assessment of the physicochemical characteristic of wastewater in Kushtia and Jhenaidah Municipal Areas Bangladesh: A Study of DO, BOD, COD, TDS and MPI. Asian Journal of Geological Research. 2024;7(1):21-30.

Bishwas RK, Mostofa S, Alam MA, Jahan SA. Removal of malachite green dye by sodium dodecyl sulfate modified bentonite clay: Kinetics, thermodynamics and isotherm modelling. Next Nanotechnology. 2023;3:100021.

Rahman MM, Maniruzzaman M, Yeasmin MS, Gafur MA, Shaikh MAA, Alam MA, Quddus MS. Adsorptive abatement of Pb2+ and crystal violet using chitosan-modified coal nanocomposites: A down flow column study. Groundwater for Sustainable Development. 2023;23: 101028.

Moulick SP, Hossain MS, Al Mamun MZU, Jahan F, Ahmed MF, Sathee RA, Islam F. Characterization of waste fish bones (Heteropneustes fossilis and Otolithoides pama) for photocatalytic degradation of Congo red dye. Results in Engineering. 2023;20:101418.

Hasan MR, Abdur R, Alam MA, Aziz S, Sujan A, Islam D, Hossain M. Exploring the effects of different parameters on the incorporation of K ions in eggshell-derived CaO reveals highly variable catalytic efficiency for biodiesel conversion. South African Journal of Chemical Engineering. 2024;47(1):67- 74.

Haque NN, Alam MA, Baidya AS, Zenat EA, Rahman MZ, Roy CK, Munshi JL. Bioremedial capacity of indigenous hydrophytes and microalgae of Bangladesh: A comparative study on their potential in tannery effluent treatment. Asian Journal of Environment and Ecology. 2024;23(6):53–65. Available: