Comparison of the Oil Composition of Clarias gariepinus Collected from Four Lagoons in Lagos, South Western Nigeria

Main Article Content

Adunola Abosede Bello
Adunola Abosede Bello
Oluwasegun Soliu Muniru


Oil composition of Clarias gariepinus collected from various locations were studied and compared. Oils contained in the fishes were extracted using Soxhlet extraction method. The physiochemical properties of the oils were determined using official methods of analysis while the fatty acid composition was analysed using Gas Chromatography- Mass Spectrophotometer. The functional groups present in the oils were also detected using Fourier Transform Infra-red Spectroscopy (FTIR). The oil content for the fishes was in the range of 30.65%-40.57%. The oil extracted from C. gariepinus collected from Badagry lagoon had the highest peroxide and iodine values (5.12 mg KOH/g and 129 mgI2/100 g). The fatty acid composition shows that the oils contains large number of essential polyunsaturated fatty acids except for the oil extracted from C. gariepinus collected from Ikorodu lagoon that contains large number of monounsaturated fatty acids. The FTIR spectra show the presence of carboxylic acid, methylene, esters, ketone and alcohol functional group. It was deduced from this study that habitat had strong impact on the oil composition of C. gariepinus.

Clarias gariepinus, location, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, functional group, habitat.

Article Details

How to Cite
Abosede Bello, A., Abosede Bello, A., & Soliu Muniru, O. (2020). Comparison of the Oil Composition of Clarias gariepinus Collected from Four Lagoons in Lagos, South Western Nigeria. Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research, 4(4), 1-8.
Original Research Article


Adetuyi OO, Aladekoyi G, Akinbobola AP. Comparative study of proximate composition of oil extracted from African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) viscera and red palm oil. Proceedings of 28th Annual Conference, Nutrition and Fish Feed Technology. 2013;371-373.

Effiong BN, Fakunle JO. Fatty acid composition of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) viscera oil. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science. 2013;8(1):229-301.

Neil JS. Fish consumption, fish oils and coronary heart disease. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1997;65:1083-1086.

Nielsen NS, Goettsche JR, Holm J, Xu X, Mu H, Jacobsen C. Effect of structured lipids based on fish oil on the growth and fatty acid composition in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture. 2005;250:411-423.

Woods AG. Give a man a fish. Essential fatty acids in health and disease. Diabetes Self Manage. 2008;25:8-14.

Inhamuns AJ, Franco MRB. EPA and DHA quantification in two species of freshwater fish from Central Amazonia. Food Chemistry. 2008;107: 587–591.

Van-Oijen MJP. Key to lake Victoria fishes other than Haplochromine cichlids, Appendix 1. In: Witte, F, Van-Densen, WLT, eds. Fish stocks and fisheries of Lake Victoria. A Handbook for Field Observations. UK: Samara Publishing Limited. 1995;209-300.

Van-Weerd JH. Nutrition and growth in clarias species: A review. Aquatic Living Resources. 1995;8:395-401.

Skelton P. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of Southern Africa, Southern Book, Halfway House, South Africa; 1993.

Eyo AA. Chemical composition and amino acid content of the commonly available feedstuff in Nigeria: In fish nutrition and fish feed technology. Proceedings of First National Symposium on Fish Nutrition and Fish Feed Technology Held at Niomar Lagos. 2001;15-26.

Saito H, Yamashiro R, Alsalvar C, Konno T. Influence of diet on fatty acids of three subtropical fish, subfamily caesioninae (Caesio diagrama and C. tile) and family siganidae (Siganus canaliculatus) Lipids. 1999;34:1073-1082.

Sargent JR, McEvoy LA, Estevez A, Bell GJ, Bell MV. Henderson RJ. Lipid nutrition of marine fish during early development: Current status and future directions. Aquaculture. 1999;179:217-219.

Abu Sayem MD, Ahsan H, Prosannajid S. Extraction and identification of PUFA from African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) skin. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies. 2016;4(4):312-314.

AOAC Official Methods of Analysis.18th edn., AOAC International, Arlington, VA., 2017;253-260.

Iberahim NI, Hamzah Z, Yin YJ, Sohaimi KSA. Extraction and characterization of omega-3 Fatty acid from catfish using enzymatic hydrolysis technique. MATEC Web of Conferences. 2018;187(01005): 1-7.

Furniss BS. Vogel’s textbook of practical organic chemistry including qualitative organic analysis. 4th Edition, ELBS/ Longman, London. 1978;137-138.

Eke-EJiofor J, Ansa EJ. Effect of extraction methods on the quality characteristics of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) oil. American Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2018;6(5):199-203.

Sathivel S, Yin H, Prinyawiwatkul W, King JM. Comparisons of chemical and physical properties of catfish oils prepared from different extracting processes JFS E: Food Engineering and Physical Properties. Journal of Food Science. 2009;74(2):E70- E76.

Falade OS, Obuseh V. Evaluation of physicochemical properties and total phenol contents of watermelon (Rothmas and Sugar Baby) seed oils. Ife Journal of Science. 2014;16(2).

Roger AB, Rebecca RA, Georges A, Mathias IO. Chemical characterization of oil form germinated nut of several coconut cultivars (Cocosnuciferh L). Euro. J. Sci. Res. 2010;391:514-522.

Yuan Y, Hansen A. Zhang Q. The specific gravity of biodiesel fuels and their blend with diesel fuel. Agr. Engng. Intl. 2004;VI (EE 04 002):1-11.

Taiwo OE, Usman K, Ogono TH, Osoniyi RO. Proximate and lipid profile analysis of cultured and wild African catfish, Clarias Gariepinus [Burchell]. Ife Journal of Science. 2014;16(1):133-142.

Kris-Etherton PM, Harris WS, Appel LJ. Fish consumption, fish oil, omega-3 fatty acids and cardiovascular disease. American Heart Association Nutrition Committee. 2002;106:2747-257.

Hooper L, Thompson RL, Harrison RA, Summerbell CD, Ness AR, Moore HJ. Risks and benefits of omega 3 fats for mortality, cardiovascular disease and cancer: Systematic review. Br. Med J. 2006;332:752-760.

MacLean CH, Newberry SJ, Mojica WA, Khanna P, Issa AM, Suttorp MJ. Effects of omega-3 fatty acids on cancer risk: A systematic review. JAMA. 2006;295:403-415.

De Backer G, Ambrosioni E, Borch-Johnsen K. European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice. Third Joint Task Forcee of European and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice. European Heart Journal. 2003;24:1601-1610.