A Comparative Study of the Phytochemical Activities of Some Nigerian Indigenous Kola Nuts Kola acuminate (Igbo Kola Nut), Kola vera (Hausa Kola Nut), and Garcinia kola (Bitter Kola)

Main Article Content

M. C. Egbujor
S. E. Ike
E. O. Anieze
U. L. Kanayochukwu
N. E. Nwankwo
I. C. Chidebelu
C. G. Okenwa-Ani

Abstract

Aims: Nigerian indigenous kola nuts (Garcinia kola, Kola acuminate, Kola vera) were evaluated for potential phytochemical properties.

Study Design: Phytochemical analysis.

Place and duration of Study: Renaissance University, Ugbawka, Enugu State, Nigeria, July 2016.

Methodology: The nuts were dried, ground and extracted by cold maceration with 99.5% methanol for 72 hours after which the methanol was allowed to evaporate.

Results: The phytochemical evaluation revealed the presence of saponin glycosides, glycoside, volatile oil, steroid and alkaloid in Kola vera; saponin, saponin glycoside, glycoside, tannins, pseudo tannins, volatile oil, steroid and alkaloid in Kola acuminate while flavonoid, alkaloid and steroid were found in Garcinia kola.

Conclusion: The phytochemical activities results showed that kola acuminate and Garcinia kola extracts exhibited more phytochemical than kola vera.

Keywords:
Phytochemical, Nigeria, indigenous kola nuts, kola acuminate, kola vera, Garcinia kola

Article Details

How to Cite
Egbujor, M., Ike, S., Anieze, E., Kanayochukwu, U., Nwankwo, N., Chidebelu, I., & Okenwa-Ani, C. (2019). A Comparative Study of the Phytochemical Activities of Some Nigerian Indigenous Kola Nuts Kola acuminate (Igbo Kola Nut), Kola vera (Hausa Kola Nut), and Garcinia kola (Bitter Kola). Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research, 3(2), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajacr/2019/v3i230090
Section
Original Research Article